Written by Staff Writer
Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Alexandra Mary-Louise Sarah-Gaye Elizabeth Annesley Cambridge-born, June 21, 1926) is the longest reigning monarch in British history, the oldest reigning monarch in the Commonwealth and the world’s longest reigning head of state.
Her reign is continuous since 1952, when she ascended to the throne following the death of her father George VI. Her reign has lasted for 72 years and 5 months.
Queen Elizabeth II Photo: Chandler Hull
The monarch is currently the UK’s longest serving head of state. Her predecessor, Queen Victoria, is the only other head of state to have served for longer, in their cases as head of state for more than 86 years.
The Queen has been given the title ‘Her Majesty’ on each birth, traditionally symbolizing her role as “The Queen of England,” and she has continued to wear the title in retirement.
In 1964, she was the first British head of state to receive an honorary degree from the University of Oxford, after which she adopted the title ‘Doctor of the University of Oxford’ according to which she receives the honorary degree.
Queen Elizabeth II Photo: AP
Following the death of her husband, Prince Philip, in 2017 the Queen became “Her Royal Highness Princess Royal.”
Her every move is followed closely by millions of tourists, who flock to places of pilgrimage in the UK such as the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh to view her residence.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip with their youngest children: Prince Andrew, Prince Edward, and Prince Charles. Credit: Cathy Lynn Grossman/Corbis via Getty Images
She reportedly walks 12 miles a day (16 km) and has a strict exercise regime.
Queen Elizabeth II Life in Photos
Her majesty meets representatives of the Commonwealth countries. Credit: Matt Crossick/PA Archive/PA Images via Getty Images
During her Diamond Jubilee celebrations in 2012, a diamond jubilee tour around the Commonwealth concluded in Tanzania and Kenya and took her on a whistle-stop tour of the Caribbean.
She has also travelled the world on royal visits, including to the United States in September 1981 when she made a historic visit to President Ronald Reagan, and the United States of America in December 2017 for the 100th anniversary of the end of the First World War.